Lesson 8 文化節日 Cultural Festival

學習目標 Learning Objectives

  1. 學會用粵拼打出和文化節日有關的詞語。
    Learning to type words related to cultural festivals in Jyutping.
  2. 學習韻母 aauatuk的組合和常見單字、詞語。
    Learn common characters and words with the rhymes aau, at, and uk.

重點詞語 Key Vocabulary


祝福zuk1 fuk1 祝賀zuk1 ho6 吉利gat1 lei6 習俗zaap6 zuk6 節日zit3 jat6 祈福kei4 fuk1 交流gaau1 lau4 baau2 比較bei2 gaau3 熱鬧jit6 naau6 紅包hung4 baau1 衣服ji1 fuk6 玉器juk6 hei3 juk6 餃子gaau2 zi2 包子baau1 zi2 找到zaau2 dou3 不能bat1 nang4 吵架caau2 gaa3 huk1 jat1

語音簡介 Phonetics Overview

簡介 Introduction


今次學習的 3 個韻母是:aauatuk
We will learn 3 rhymes: aau, at, uk.

韻母 Rhyme

aau

下面是有 aau 韻母的字。讀音是一個長 aa 然後再加上一個 u 的結束動作。
The following words contain the rhyme aau. It is made by first producing a long aa sound and then closing with a pouty u gesture.
(ngaau5)
,
(baau1)
,
(caau2)
,
(gaau3)
,
(maau1)
,
(baau3)
,
(paau2)
,
(zaau2)

at

下面是有 at 韻母的字。讀音是一個很短的 a 然後再加上一個 t
The following words contain the rhyme at. It is made by first producing a very short a sound and then closing with a silent t, closing the back of your teeth onto your tongue tip.
(bat1)
,
(cat1)
,
(bat1)
,
(jat1)
,
(jat6)
,
(kat1)
,
(sat1)
,
(pat1)

uk

下面是有 uk 韻母的字。讀音是一個長 u 然後再加上一個 k
The following words have the rhyme uk. It is made by first producing a long u sound and then closing with a k.
鹿(luk6)
,
(muk6)
,
(zuk1)
,
(duk6)
,
(guk6)
,
(huk1)
,
(juk6)
,
(zuk1)

聲母 Onset


聲母 bp 的分別在於 b 發音時不送氣,p 發音時送氣。
Here’s a quick test to differentiate b and p:
試試將手掌放在嘴前面然後讀出巴(baa)和趴(paa)。讀巴(baa)時手掌應該只感受到輕微氣流;讀趴(paa)時手掌應該感受到強烈氣流。
Try putting your palm in front of your mouth and say the syllables “baa” and “paa”. When pronouncing “baa” you should only feel a very gentle and steady breath on your palm; when pronouncing “paa” you should feel an explosive force of air being released onto your palm.

b

下面是有 b 聲母的字。
The following words contain the onset b.
(baa1)
,
(baa2)
,
(bik1)
,
(baat3)
,
(baak6)
,
(baau1)
,
(beng6)

p

下面是有 {p 聲母的字。
The following words contain the onset p.
(paa4)
,
(paau2)
,
(paau3)
,
(pin3)
,
(pou5)
,
(pang4)
,
(pung3)

語文知識 Language Knowledge

簡介 Introduction


嘗試在筆記欄打出gaau,然後找出幾個例字。
Try typing gaau in the notes column, then pick a few characters from the list to output.
這些字有共通點嗎?
Do these characters have anything in common?

聲旁介紹 Phonetic Components Overview

gaau
從字的聲旁可以得出字的大致讀音。下面的字有聲旁「交」,讀音為gaau
We can sometimes guess the sound of a character from its parts. In this case, the following characters with the sound component「交」are pronounced gaau.

部首介紹 Radical Overview

示字部


字的部首有意義分類的作用。部首為「礻」(示)的字意思與表示或神明祭拜有關。
The radical of a character has a meaningful categorizing function. The radical “礻” (also known as “示”) is related to the meaning of representation or worship of deities.

詞彙練習 Vocabulary Exercise

看圖填充 Fill-in-the-blanks

填充題1(看圖填充): 老師可以: 1)展示圖片「新年習俗」 2)教導學生提示的粵拼代表甚麼漢字:提醒學生用Typeduck的英語字義翻譯尋找正確漢字 (答案:祝福、紅包、飽) 3)由老師帶領完成完成填充題
Fill-in-the-blank question 1 (based on the image): Here are some suggested activity steps:

  1. Show the picture “New Year Customs”.
  2. Teach students the meanings represented by the given Jyutping: Remind students to use Typeduck’s English translations to find the correct Chinese characters (Answers: 祝福、紅包、飽).
  3. Guide the students to complete the fill-in-the-blank questions.
根據提示及圖意,並使用TypeDuck,完成填充題。
Using the hints and the provided image as a guide, complete the fill-in-the-blank questions using TypeDuck.
  1. 「新年習俗」
    “New Year customs”
    新年時,她會先
    bless
    其他人、然後收
    red packets
    ,最後和家人吃開年飯,吃得很
    full
    提示 Hints:zukfuk、hungbaau、baau

填充 Fill-in-the-blanks

填充題2(對話) 老師可以: 1)朗讀文章一次(除了答案位置) 2)教導學生提示的粵拼代表甚麼漢字:提醒學生用Typeduck的英語字義翻譯尋找正確漢字 (答案:找到、一、交流;衣服、玉器、熱鬧;肉、餃子、包子;比較、不能、吵架、哭) 3)讓學生自行完成填充題
Fill-in-the-blank question 2 (Short passage): Here are some suggested activity steps: 1) Read the passage once (excluding the answer positions). 2) Teach students the meanings represented by the given Jyutping: Remind students to use Typeduck’s English translations to find the correct Chinese characters (Answers: 找到、一、交流;衣服、玉器、熱鬧;肉、餃子、包子;比較、不能、吵架、哭) 3) Allow students to complete the fill-in-the-blank questions on their own.

根據提示,使用 TypeDuck 輸入中文詞語,完成填充題。
Using the hints, complete the fill-in-the-blank questions using TypeDuck.

  1. 我和同學
    find
    one
    本關於新年的書。我們
    exchange
    不同地方在新年的習慣。
    提示 Hints:zaaudou、gaaulau、jat
  2. 小明説:「新年時,人們會換上新
    clothes
    和佩戴
    jade artifacts
    去探訪家人,非常
    lively
    。」
    提示 Hints: jifuk、jukhei、jitnaau
  3. 小美説:「晚上,我們會吃
    meat
    dumplings
    buns
    。」
    提示 Hints: baauzi、gaauzi、juk
  4. 小天説:「我們家鄉的新年
    more
    特別,
    cannot
    argue
    cry
    。」
    提示 Hints:huk、batnang、caaugaa、beigaau

選擇題 Multiple Choice Question

MC選項題 老師可以: 1)簡略介紹問題 2)讓學生自己自行嘗試用TypeDuck找出可選擇的粵拼的漢字,並完成題目 3)在對答案時和學生確認他們自行找出的漢字正確 老師可以憑學生的正確率去評估學生進度。 (提示:祝賀、吉利、祈福、習俗、節日;答案:祝賀、祈福)
Multiple-choice questions Here are some suggested activity steps: 1) Provide a brief introduction to the task. 2) Let students independently use TypeDuck to find the available Jyutping and corresponding Chinese characters, and complete the exercise. 3) When checking the answers, confirm with the students whether the Chinese characters they found on their own are correct. The teacher can assess the students’ progress based on their accuracy. (Hints: 祝賀、吉利、祈福、習俗、節日; Answer: 祝賀、祈福)
請圈出動詞。
Circle all verbs.
zukho
gatlei
keifuk
zaapzuk
zitjat

語音練習 Phonetics Exercise

找不同 Spot the Difference

每行都有一個字與其他的韻母不同。試留意發音時的口部動作,劃掉與別不同的單字,並在空格打出其他單字的共同韻母。
One word in each line has a different rhyme from the others. Paying extra attention to the way your mouth moves, circle the words that are different from the rest, and write down the common rhyme.

填色遊戲 Colouring Game


答案:屋(uk)
Answer: house(屋 uk)

玩法:點擊格子數次可以改變顏色。 請按字的韻母和顏色指示,為以下方格填上顏色。
Colour the characters based on their rhyme and the instructions below (Hint: clicking the grid few times can change its colour).
填上顏色後會見到一個大圖案,請於圓圈打出圖案是甚麼。
An image will emerge after you are done colouring. Can you guess what the image is? Type your answer in the circle!
aau
at
uk

打字練習 Typing Exercise


老師可以一邊讀出打字練習的字詞/短句,一邊和同學一起完成打字練習。
Suggested activity steps: teachers can read out the words/sentences for typing practice while working together with the students to complete the typing exercises.

主要按鍵練習 Main Keys Practice


請使用TypeDuck依序輸入以下詞語。正確輸入的詞語會顯示為黑色,輸入錯誤的詞語會以紅色橫線劃掉。
Type the following words in order using TypeDuck. Correctly typed words will turn black, and incorrectly typed words will be crossed out with a red line.

  1. 祝福 祝賀 吉利 習俗 節日 交流 飽 比較 熱鬧 紅包
  2. 衣服 玉器 肉 餃子 包子 找到 不能 吵架 哭 祈福
  3. 一 對不起 包容 哭 叔叔 七彩 日子 食物 失去 日用品
  4. 教育 宗教 教堂 印度教 錫克教 燒烤 足球
  5. 孝順 穆斯林 牛肉 民族 銀手鐲 幸福 房屋

短句練習 Short Sentence Practice


請使用TypeDuck輸入以下句子,並記錄所需的總時間。
Use TypeDuck to type the following sentences and record the total time required.

  1. 你們能找到他們來自什麽地方嗎?
  2. 我們會吃的很飽,很幸福。
  3. 我們要包容和尊重不同宗教的人。
  4. 我是穆斯林。
  5. 我的宗教是印度教。

擴張句子 Sentence Builder Practice


在這個練習中,你將逐步擴展一個句子。
In this exercise, you will gradually expand a sentence.
1. 在第一行輸入綠色框中的單字。
Type the word in the green box on the first line.
2. 在第二行,輸入第一行綠色框中的單字,然後接着輸入第二行綠色框中的單字。
On the second line, type the word in the green box from the first line, followed by the word in the green box on the second line.
3. 依此類推,直到最後一行。
Continue this process until you reach the last line.

穆斯林
我是
媽媽和
爸爸

主題詞庫 Vocabulary Bank


老師詢問學生在本節課學會了哪些知識
Teacher asks the students what vowel sounds they have learned in this lesson.
老師歸納學生的回應並總結:
Here are some suggested summary points: Students will have learned…
1. 認識了韻母aauatuk
1) the rhymes aau, at, and uk.
2. 認識韻母聲旁——gaau(交)
2) the sound component(s)s gaau (交).
3. 認識部首——礻(示)
3) the radical 礻(示).
4. 認識與文化節日有關的詞彙
4) vocabulary items related to cultural festivals.

以下是與文化節日相關的常用詞彙。使用 TypeDuck 輸入這些詞彙,並找出它們的意思!
Here are some common words related to the Cultural Festival. Use TypeDuck to type out these words and discover their meanings!
節日zit3 jat6 公眾假期gung1 zung3 gaa3 kei4 音樂jam1 ngok6 舞蹈mou5 dou6 古蹟gu2 zik1 繪畫kui2 waa2 藝術ngai6 seot6 工藝gung1 ngai6 傳統cyun4 tung2 神話san4 waa2 寺廟zi6 miu2 神像san4 zoeng6 佛塔fat6 taap3 祈禱kei4 tou2 巡遊ceon4 jau4 表演biu2 jin2 氣氛hei3 fan1 燈飾dang1 sik1 煙花jin1 faa1 年宵nin4 siu1 燈籠dang1 lung4 咖喱gaa3 lei1 香料hoeng1 liu2 紅茶hung4 caa4 沙律saa1 leot2 茶葉caa4 jip6 烤肉haau1 juk6 宗教zung1 gaau3 伊斯蘭教ji1 si1 laan4 gaau3 尼泊爾nei4 pok3 ji5 巴基斯坦baa1 gei1 si1 taan2 尊巴舞zyun1 baa1 mou5 民族服裝man4 zuk6 fuk6 zong1 東南亞dung1 naam4 aa3 珠寶zyu1 bou2 頭巾tau4 gan1 化妝faa3 zong1 樂器ngok6 hei3 書法syu1 faat3 舞會mou5 wui2 儀式ji4 sik1 習俗zaap6 zuk6 慶祝hing3 zuk1 壁畫bik1 waa2 瑜伽 jyu4 gaa1 曼荼羅maan6 tou4 lo4 記號gei3 hou6 電影din6 jing2 寶萊塢bou2 loi4 wu2 排燈節paai4 dang1 zit3 藍果麗laam4 gwo2 lai6 紡織品fong2 zik1 ban2 差異caa1 ji6 異同jit6 tung4