Lesson 15 權利 Rights

學習目標 Learning Objectives

  1. 學會用粵拼打出和權力有關的詞語。
    Learn to type characters and words related to power in Jyutping.
  2. 學習韻母oekonyut的組合和常見單字、詞語。
    Learn common characters and words with the rhymes oek, on, and yut.

重點詞語 Key Vocabulary


公約gung1 joek3 syut3 jyut6 若果joek6 gwo2 絕對zyut6 deoi3 安全on1 cyun4 看見hon3 gin3 看着hon3 zoek6 缺乏kyut3 fat6 決定kyut3 ding6 按照on3 ziu3

語音簡介 Phonetics Overview

簡介 Introduction


今次學習的 3 個韻母是:oekonyut
We will learn 3 rhymes: oek, on, yut.

韻母 Rhyme

oek

下面是有 oek 韻母的字。讀音是一個長 oe 然後再加上一個 k
The following words contain the rhyme oek. It is made by first producing a long oe sound and then closing with an k sound.
(coek3)
,
(goek3)
,
(joek3)
,
(joek6)
,
(joek6)
,
(soek3)
,
(loek6)
,
(zoek3)

on

下面是有 on 韻母的字。讀音是一個長 o 然後再加上一個 n
The following words contain the rhyme on. It is made by first producing a long o sound and then closing with an n sound.
(gon1)
,
(gon1)
,
(gon2)
,
(hon3)
,
(on3)
,
(on3)
,
(hon6)
,
(on1)

yut

下面是有 yun 韻母的字。讀音是一個長 yu 然後再加上一個 {t 。
The following words contain the rhyme yu. It is made by first producing a long yu sound and then closing with an {t sound.
(jyut6)
,
(jyut6)
,
(jyut6)
,
(lyut6)
,
(syut3)
,
(tyut3)
,
(zyut6)
,
(dyut6)

語文知識 Language Knowledge

簡介 Introduction


嘗試在筆記欄打出 on,然後找出幾個例字。
Try typing on in the notes column, then pick a few characters from the list to output.
這些字有共通點嗎?
Do these characters have anything in common?

聲旁介紹 Phonetic Components Overview

on
從字的聲旁可以得出字的大致讀音。下面的字有聲旁「安」,讀音為on
We can sometimes guess the sound of a character from its parts. In this case, the following characters with the sound component「安」are pronounced on.

部首介紹 Radical Overview

肉字部


字的部首有意義分類的作用。部首為「月」(肉)的字意思與肉有關。
The radical of a character has a meaningful categorizing function. The radical “月” (also written as “肉”) is related to the meaning of meat or flesh.

詞彙練習 Vocabulary Exercise

看圖填充 Fill-in-the-blanks

填充題1(看圖填充): 老師可以: 1)展示圖片「公約」 2)教導學生提示的粵拼代表甚麼漢字:提醒學生用Typeduck的英語字義翻譯尋找正確漢字 (答案:公約、安全、月) 3)由老師帶領完成完成填充題
Fill-in-the-blank question 1 (based on the image): Here are some suggested activity steps: 1) Show the picture “Convention”. 2) Teach students the meanings represented by the given Jyutping: Remind students to use Typeduck’s English translations to find the correct Chinese characters (Answers: 公約、安全、月). 3) Guide the students to complete the fill-in-the-blank questions.

根據提示及圖意,並使用TypeDuck,完成填充題。
Using the hints and the provided image as a guide, complete the fill-in-the-blank questions using TypeDuck.

  1. 「公約」
    “Convention”
    這是《消除一切形式種族歧視
    convention
    》。國家要保障不同種族公民的
    safety
    。公約在1965年12
    month
    生效。
    提示 Hints:oncyun、 gungjoek、jyut

填充 Fill-in-the-blanks

填充題2(對話) 老師可以: 1)朗讀文章一次(除了答案位置) 2)教導學生提示的粵拼代表甚麼漢字:提醒學生用Typeduck的英語字義翻譯尋找正確漢字 (答案:看着、缺乏、月;説、安全、絕對;按照、若果、決定) 3)讓學生自行完成填充題
Fill-in-the-blank question 2 (Dialogue): Here are some suggested activity steps: 1) Read the passage once (excluding the answer positions). 2) Teach students the meanings represented by the given Jyutping: Remind students to use Typeduck’s English translations to find the correct Chinese characters (Answers: 看着、缺乏、月;説、安全、絕對;按照、若果、決定). 3) Allow students to complete the fill-in-the-blank questions on their own.

根據提示,使用 TypeDuck 輸入中文詞語,完成填充題。
Using the hints, complete the fill-in-the-blank questions using TypeDuck.

  1. 小明
    looking at
    一篇有關一個小朋友
    lack
    營養,在家不適暈倒的新聞。
    小明:老師,有保障兒童的公約嗎?
    老師:有啊!1990年9
    month
    2日,兒童權利公約生效。
    提示 Hints:honzoek、kyutfat、jyut
  2. 小明:公約中
    say
    了什麽?
    老師:人們要保障兒童的
    safety
    ,家長
    must
    不能留兒童一人在家。
    提示 Hints:oncyun、syut、zyutdeoi
  3. 老師:
    according to
    公約的條文,國家要保障兒童的權利。
    If
    兒童受到虐待,國家可
    decide
    更改兒童的撫養權。
    提示 Hints:joekgwo、onziu、kyutding

選擇題 Multiple Choice Question

MC選項題 老師可以: 1)簡略介紹問題 2)讓學生自己自行嘗試用TypeDuck找出可選擇的粵拼的漢字,並完成題目 3)在對答案時和學生確認他們自行找出的漢字正確 老師可以憑學生的正確率去評估學生進度。 (提示:看見、月、缺乏、安全;答案:看見、缺乏)
Multiple-choice questions Here are some suggested activity steps: 1) Provide a brief introduction to the task. 2) Let students independently use TypeDuck to find the available Jyutping and corresponding Chinese characters, and complete the exercise. 3) When checking the answers, confirm with the students whether the Chinese characters they found on their own are correct. The teacher can assess the students’ progress based on their accuracy. (Hints: 看見、月、缺乏、安全; Answer: 看見、缺乏)
請圈出動詞。
Circle all verbs.
hongin
jyut
kyutfat
oncyun

語音練習 Phonetics Exercise

找不同 Spot the Difference

每行都有一個字與其他的韻母不同。試留意發音時的口部動作,劃掉與別不同的單字,並在空格打出其他單字的共同韻母。
One word in each line has a different rhyme from the others. Paying extra attention to the way your mouth moves, circle the words that are different from the rest, and write down the common rhyme.

填色遊戲 Colouring Game


答案:雪(syut)
Answer: snow(雪 syut)

玩法:點擊格子數次可以改變顏色。 請按字的韻母和顏色指示,為以下方格填上顏色。
Colour the characters based on their rhyme and the instructions below (Hint: clicking the grid few times can change its colour).
填上顏色後會見到一個大圖案,請於圓圈打出圖案是甚麼。
An image will emerge after you are done colouring. Can you guess what the image is? Type your answer in the circle!
oek
on
yut

打字練習 Typing Exercise


老師可以一邊讀出打字練習的字詞/短句,一邊和同學一起完成打字練習。
Suggested activity steps: teachers can read out the words/sentences for typing practice while working together with the students to complete the typing exercises.

主要按鍵練習 Main Keys Practice


請使用TypeDuck依序輸入以下詞語。正確輸入的詞語會顯示為黑色,輸入錯誤的詞語會以紅色橫線劃掉。
Type the following words in order using TypeDuck. Correctly typed words will turn black, and incorrectly typed words will be crossed out with a red line.

  1. 公約 説 月 若果 絕對 安全
  2. 看見 看着 缺乏 決定 按照
  3. 啄 弱 卻 穿著 腳印 約定 桌子 假若
  4. 按摩 平安 汗水 看到 漢字 刊登 干預 肝臟
  5. 血 雪地 惡劣 決定 脱 絕交 笨拙 説話 月光

短句練習 Short Sentence Practice


請使用TypeDuck輸入以下句子,並記錄所需的總時間。
Use TypeDuck to type the following sentences and record the total time required.

  1. 人們要保障兒童的安全。
  2. 家長絕對不能留兒童一人在家。
  3. 笨拙地跳躍。
  4. 雪地有個腳印。
  5. 我看到月光。

擴張句子 Sentence Builder Practice


在這個練習中,你將逐步擴展一個句子。
In this exercise, you will gradually expand a sentence.
1. 在第一行輸入綠色框中的單字。
Type the word in the green box on the first line.
2. 在第二行,輸入第一行綠色框中的單字,然後接着輸入第二行綠色框中的單字。
On the second line, type the word in the green box from the first line, followed by the word in the green box on the second line.
3. 依此類推,直到最後一行。
Continue this process until you reach the last line.

和你絕交
決定

主題詞庫 Vocabulary Bank


老師詢問學生在本節課學會了哪些知識
Teacher asks the students what vowel sounds they have learned in this lesson.
老師歸納學生的回應並總結:
Here are some suggested summary points: Students will have learned…
1. 認識了韻母oekonyut
1) the rhymes oek, on, and yut.
2. 認識韻母聲旁——安
2) the sound component(s)s on (安) .
3. 認識部首——肉(月)
3) the radical 肉 (月).
4. 認識與權力有關的詞彙
4) vocabulary items related to rights.

以下是與權利相關的常用詞彙。使用 TypeDuck 輸入這些詞彙,並找出它們的意思!
Here are some common words related to Rights. Use TypeDuck to type out these words and discover their meanings!
個人go3 jan4 自主zi6 zyu2 公民gung1 man4 公眾gung1 zung3 維護wai4 wu6 平安ping4 on1 自由zi6 jau4 公平gung1 ping4 平等ping4 dang2 公正gung1 zing3 公開gung1 hoi1 開放hoi1 fong3 透明tau3 ming4 公道gung1 dou6 軍事gwan1 si6 民主man4 zyu2 新聞san1 man4 法律faat3 leot6 可信ho2 seon3 理想lei5 soeng2 和諧wo4 haai4 表達biu2 daat6 影響jing2 hoeng2 義務ji6 mou6 基本gei1 bun2 目前muk6 cin4 正義zing3 ji6 法案faat3 leot6 國際gwok3 zai3 權力kyun4 lik6 法治faat3 zi6 合法hap6 faat3 人道jan4 dou6 言論jin4 leon6 人權jan4 kyun4 捐助gyun1 zo6 參與caam1 jyu5 利益lei6 jik1 條約tiu4 joek3 動機dung6 gei1 討論tou2 leon6 發表faat3 biu2