Lesson 6 醫院 Hospital

學習目標 Learning Objectives

  1. 學會用粵拼打出和醫院有關的詞語。
    Learning to type words related to hospitals in Jyutping.
  2. 學習韻母aaninung的組合和常見單字、詞語。
    Learn common characters and words with the rhymes aan, in, and ung.

重點詞語 Key Vocabulary


hung4 zung2 tung3 紅腫hung4 zung2 頭痛tau4 tung3 體重tai2 cung5 ngaan5 嚴重jim4 zung6 碰撞pung3 zong6 可憐ho2 lin4 晚飯maan5 faan6 看見hon3 gin3 便bin6 sin1 jung6 naan6 sung3

語音簡介 Phonetics Overview

簡介 Introduction


今次學習的 3 個韻母是:aaninung
We will learn 3 rhymes: aan, in, ung.

韻母 Rhyme

aan

下面是有 aan 韻母的字。讀音是一個長 aa 然後再加上一個 n
The following words contain the rhyme aan. It is made by first producing a long aa sound and then closing an n sound.
(baan2)
,
(daan2)
,
(faan2)
,
(zaan3)
,
(naan6)
,
(ngaan5)
,
(saan1)
,
(maan5)

in

下面是有 in 韻母的字。讀音是一個長 i 然後再加上一個 n
The following words contain the rhyme in. It is made by first producing a long i sound and then closing with an n sound.
(cin1)
,
(cin4)
,
(gin3)
,
(jin4)
,
(nin4)
,
(sin1)
,
(tin1)
,
(zin2)

ung

下面是有 ung 韻母的字。讀音是一個很短的 u 然後再加上一個 ng
The following words contain the rhyme ung. It is made by first producing a very short u sound and then closing with an ng sound.
(zung6)
,
(cung1)
,
(dung3)
,
(hung4)
,
(hung1)
,
(jung6)
,
(sung3)
,
(tung3)

注意事項 Points to Note


ungong 發音時都是圓唇,分別在於口打開多大:發 ung 時口幾乎不打開,發 ong 時口半張開。
Here’s a quick test to differentiate ung and ong}. Try dragging out the rhymes slowly: when you read ung, your mouth will be almost completely shut and you will arrive at the “ng” much quicker; while for ong your mouth should be more open and you will prolong the “o” instead.

語文知識 Language Knowledge

簡介 Introduction


嘗試在筆記欄打出 zung,然後找出幾個例字。
Try typing zung in the notes column, then pick a few characters from the list to output.
這些字有共通點嗎?
Do these characters have anything in common?

聲旁介紹 Phonetic Components Overview

zung
從字的聲旁可以得出字的大致讀音。下面的字有聲旁「中」,讀音為zung
We can sometimes guess the sound of a character from its parts. In this case, the following characters with the sound component「中」are pronounced zung.

部首介紹 Radical Overview

疒字部


字的部首有意義分類的作用。部首為「疒」的字意思與疾病有關。
The radical of a character has a meaningful categorizing function. The radical “疒” is related to the meaning of illness or disease.

詞彙練習 Vocabulary Exercise

看圖填充 Fill-in-the-blanks

填充題1(看圖填充): 老師可以: 1)展示圖片「生病了」 2)教導學生提示的粵拼代表甚麼漢字:提醒學生用Typeduck的英語字義翻譯尋找正確漢字 (答案:眼、紅、體重、腫) 3)由老師帶領完成完成填充題
Fill-in-the-blank question 1 (based on the image): Here are some suggested activity steps:

  1. Show the picture “Getting sick”.
  2. Teach students the meanings represented by the given Jyutping: Remind students to use Typeduck’s English translations to find the correct Chinese characters (Answers: 眼、紅、體重、腫).
  3. Guide the students to complete the fill-in-the-blank questions.

根據提示及圖意,並使用TypeDuck,完成填充題。
Using the hints and the provided image as a guide, complete the fill-in-the-blank questions using TypeDuck.

  1. 「生病了」
    “Getting sick”
    小明的
    eyes
    red
    了,
    weight
    下降了,手也
    swollen
    了。
    提示 Hints:taicung、zung、ngaan、hung

填充 Fill-in-the-blanks

填充題2(短文) 老師可以: 1)朗讀文章一次(除了答案位置) 2)教導學生提示的粵拼代表甚麼漢字:提醒學生用Typeduck的英語字義翻譯尋找正確漢字 (答案:晚飯、看見、腫、可憐、便;先、嚴重、體重;送、碰撞;用、難、紅、痛) 3)讓學生自行完成填充題
Fill-in-the-blank question 2 (Short passage): Here are some suggested activity steps: 1) Read the passage once (excluding the answer positions). 2) Teach students the meanings represented by the given Jyutping: Remind students to use Typeduck’s English translations to find the correct Chinese characters (Answers: 晚飯、看見、腫、可憐、便;先、嚴重、體重;送、碰撞;用、難、紅、痛) 3) Allow students to complete the fill-in-the-blank questions on their own.

根據提示,使用 TypeDuck 輸入中文詞語,完成填充題。
Using the hints, complete the fill-in-the-blank questions using TypeDuck.

  1. dinner
    的時候,媽媽
    see
    小明的眼紅紅的,手也
    swollen
    了,十分
    pitiful
    therefore
    馬上帶小明去醫院。
    提示 Hints: bin、zung、maanfaan、holin、hongin
  2. 由於醫生要
    first
    看病得更
    serious
    的病人,所以小明在量
    weight
    後,便坐在椅子上休息。
    提示 Hints: taicung、jimzung、sin
  3. 過了一小時,醫生
    send
    小明進病房,又問小明:「你的手是不是不小心
    touch
    到硬物了?」小明搖搖頭。
    提示 Hints: sung、pungzong
  4. 原來,小明正在學吉他,他
    use
    了整天時間學一首很
    difficult
    的歌,所以才會手又腫,眼睛又
    red
    painful
    提示 Hints:tung、jung、naan、hung

選擇題 Multiple Choice Question

MC選項題 老師可以: 1)簡略介紹問題 2)讓學生自己自行嘗試用TypeDuck找出可選擇的粵拼的漢字,並完成題目 3)在對答案時和學生確認他們自行找出的漢字正確 老師可以憑學生的正確率去評估學生進度。 (提示:看見、紅腫、頭痛;答案:看見)
Multiple-choice questions Here are some suggested activity steps: 1) Provide a brief introduction to the task. 2) Allow students to independently use TypeDuck to find the available Jyutping and corresponding Chinese characters, and complete the exercise. 3) When checking the answers, confirm with the students whether the Chinese characters they found on their own are correct. The teacher can assess the students’ progress based on their accuracy. (Hints: 看見、紅腫、頭痛; Answer: 看見)
請圈出不屬於生病症狀的選項。
Circle the options that do not belong to the symptoms of the illness。
hongin
hungzung
tautung

語音練習 Phonetics Exercise

找不同 Spot the Difference

每行都有一個字與其他的韻母不同。試留意發音時的口部動作,劃掉與別不同的單字,並在空格打出其他單字的共同韻母。
One word in each line has a different rhyme from the others. Paying extra attention to the way your mouth moves, circle the words that are different from the rest, and write down the common rhyme.

填色遊戲 Colouring Game


答案:天(tin)
Answer: sky(天 tin)

玩法:點擊格子數次可以改變顏色。 請按字的韻母和顏色指示,為以下方格填上顏色。
Colour the characters based on their rhyme and the instructions below (Hint: clicking the grid few times can change its colour).
填上顏色後會見到一個大圖案,請於圓圈打出圖案是甚麼。
An image will emerge after you are done colouring. Can you guess what the image is? Type your answer in the circle!
aan
in
ung

打字練習 Typing Exercise


老師可以一邊讀出打字練習的字詞/短句,一邊和同學一起完成打字練習。
Suggested activity steps: teachers can read out the words/sentences for typing practice while working together with the students to complete the typing exercises.

主要按鍵練習 Main Keys Practice


請使用TypeDuck依序輸入以下詞語。正確輸入的詞語會顯示為黑色,輸入錯誤的詞語會以紅色橫線劃掉。
Type the following words in order using TypeDuck. Correctly typed words will turn black, and incorrectly typed words will be crossed out with a red line.

  1. 眼 紅 體重 腫 紅腫 痛 頭痛 嚴重
  2. 便 先 送 碰 用 難 晚飯 看見 可憐
  3. 醫院 晚間 總共 員工 提供 方便 公共 空間 洗手間
  4. 患者 千 見面 上班 面前 簡單 電梯 但是 做飯 偏見
  5. 現在 年青 可憐 照片 尊重 煙花 表演

短句練習 Short Sentence Practice


請使用TypeDuck輸入以下句子,並記錄所需的總時間。
Use TypeDuck to type the following sentences and record the total time required.

  1. 體重下降了,手也腫了。
  2. 媽媽看見小明的眼紅紅的。
  3. 這裏上班很方便。
  4. 晚間有煙花表演。
  5. 不要對患者有偏見。

擴張句子 Sentence Builder Practice


在這個練習中,你將逐步擴展一個句子。
In this exercise, you will gradually expand a sentence.
1. 在第一行輸入綠色框中的單字。
Type the word in the green box on the first line.
2. 在第二行,輸入第一行綠色框中的單字,然後接着輸入第二行綠色框中的單字。
On the second line, type the word in the green box from the first line, followed by the word in the green box on the second line.
3. 依此類推,直到最後一行。
Continue this process until you reach the last line.

艱辛
十分
工作
醫生的

主題詞庫 Vocabulary Bank


老師詢問學生在本節課學會了哪些知識
The teacher asks the students what vowel sounds they have learned in this lesson.
老師歸納學生的回應並總結:
Here are some suggested summary points: Students will have learned…
1. 認識了韻母aaninung
1) the rhymes aan, in, and ung.
2. 認識韻母聲旁——zung(中)
2) the sound component(s)s zung (中).
3. 認識部首——疒
3) the radical 疒.
4. 認識與醫院有關的詞彙
4) vocabulary items related to hospital.

以下是與醫院相關的常用詞彙。使用 TypeDuck 輸入這些詞彙,並找出它們的意思!
Here are some common words related to Hospital. Use TypeDuck to type out these words and discover their meanings!
生病sang1 beng6 手巾sau2 gan1 休息jau1 sik1 受傷sau6 soeng1 病人beng6 jan4 病房beng6 fong2 病毒beng6 duk6 感冒gam2 mou6 傳染cyun4 jim5 發熱faat3 jit6 肚痛tou5 tung3 嘔吐au2 tou3 傷口soeng1 hau2 蛀牙zyu3 ngaa4 檢查gim2 caa4 服藥fuk6 joek6 止痛zi2 tung3 洗手sai2 sau2 退熱teoi3 jit6 請假ceng2 gaa3 治療zi6 liu4 中毒zung3 duk6 休養jau1 joeng5 睡眠seoi6 min4 公德心gung1 dak1 sam1 清潔cing1 git3 衞生wai6 sang1 不適bat1 sik1 疾病zat6 beng6 細菌sai3 kwan2 感染gam2 jim5 嚴重jim4 zung6 照顧ziu3 gu3 診所can2 so2 急症室gap1 zing3 sat1 健康gin6 hong1 抵抗力dai2 kong3 lik6 預防jyu6 fong4 救護員gau3 wu6 jyun4 醫生ji1 sang1 護士wu6 si6 救護車gau3 wu6 ce1 康復hong1 fuk6 急救gap1 gau3 手術sau2 seot6 醫治ji1 zi6 打針daa2 zam1 藥物joek6 mat6 疫苗jik6 miu4