Lesson 10 食物 Food

學習目標 Learning Objectives

  1. 學會用粵拼打出和食物有關的詞語。
    Learning to type words related to food in Jyutping.
  2. 學習韻母aamaatun 的組合和常見單字、詞語。
    Learn common characters and words with the rhymes aam, aat, and un.

重點詞語 Key Vocabulary


laat6 haam4 麻辣maa4 laat6 taam5 清淡cing1 daam6 辣椒laat6 ziu1 橄欖gaam3 laam2 鹹蛋haam4 daan2 喜歡hei2 fun1 mun4 waat6 zaam6 pun4 wun2 一半jat1 bun3 滿足mun5 zuk1 bun6

語音簡介 Phonetics Overview

簡介 Introduction


今次學習的 3 個韻母是:aamaatun
We will learn 3 rhymes: aam, aat, un.

韻母 Rhyme

aam

下面是有 aam 韻母的字。讀音是一個長 aa 然後再加上一個 m
The following words contain the rhyme aam. It is made by first producing a long aa sound and then closing an m sound.
(saam1)
,
(saam1)
,
(taam5)
,
(laam4)
,
(naam4)
,
(naam4)
,
(zaam6)
,
(taam3)

aat

下面是有 aat 韻母的字。讀音是一個長 aa 然後再加上一個 t
The following words contain the rhyme aat. It is made by first producing a long aa sound and then closing an t sound.
(baat3)
,
(laat6)
,
(waat6)
,
(faat3)
,
(saat3)
,
(caat3)
,
(faat3)
,
(waat6)

un

下面是有 un 韻母的字。讀音是一個長 u 然後再加上一個 n
The following words contain the rhyme un. It is made by first producing a long u sound and then closing with an n sound.
(bun2)
,
(bun3)
,
(bun6)
,
(mun4)
,
(mun6)
,
(bun6)
,
(fun1)
,
滿(mun5)

聲母 Onset


聲母 dt 的分別在於 d 發音時不送氣,t 發音時送氣。
Here’s a quick test to differentiate d and t:
試試將手掌放在嘴前面然後讀出打(daa)和他(taa)。讀打(daa)時手掌應該只感受到輕微氣流;讀他(taa)時手掌應該感受到強烈氣流。
Try putting your palm in front of your mouth and say the syllables “daa” and “taa”. When pronouncing “daa” you should only feel a very gentle and steady breath on your palm; when pronouncing “taa” you should feel an explosive force of air being released onto your palm.

d

下面是有 d 聲母的字。
The following words contain the onset d.
(daa1)
,
(daai6)
,
(daan2)
,
(daap3)
,
(dei6)
,
(dou1)
,
(dyun2)
,
(dai6)

t

下面是有 t 聲母的字。
The following words contain the onset t.
(tou2)
,
(tou5)
,
(tek3)
,
(ting3)
,
(tim4)
,
(ting4)
,
(tong4)
,
(tung4)

語文知識 Language Knowledge

簡介 Introduction


嘗試在筆記欄打出 bun,然後找出幾個例字。
Try typing bun in the notes column, then pick a few characters from the list to output.
這些字有共通點嗎?
Do these characters have anything in common?

聲旁介紹 Phonetic Components Overview

bun
從字的聲旁可以得出字的大致讀音。下面的字有聲旁「半」,讀音為bun
From the phonetic component of a character, we can infer its approximate pronunciation. The following characters with the phonetic componen「半」are pronounced bun.

部首介紹 Radical Overview

食字部


字的部首有意義分類的作用。部首為「食」的字意思與飲食有關。
The radical of a character has a meaningful categorizing function. The radical “食” is related to the meaning of food or eating.

詞彙練習 Vocabulary Exercise

看圖填充 Fill-in-the-blanks

填充題1(看圖填充): 老師可以: 1)展示圖片「小明喜歡的食物」 2)教導學生提示的粵拼代表甚麼漢字:提醒學生用Typeduck的英語字義翻譯尋找正確漢字 (答案:辣、鹹、清淡) 3)由老師帶領完成完成填充題
Fill-in-the-blank question 1 (based on the image): Here are some suggested activity steps:

  1. Show the picture “Siu Ming’s Favourite Food”.
  2. Teach students the meanings represented by the given Jyutping: Remind students to use Typeduck’s English translations to find the correct Chinese characters (Answers: 辣、鹹、清淡).
  3. Guide the students to complete the fill-in-the-blank questions.
根據提示及圖意,並使用TypeDuck,完成填充題。
Using the hints and the provided image as a guide, complete the fill-in-the-blank questions using TypeDuck.
  1. 「小明喜歡的食物」
    “Siu Ming’s favourite food”
    小明最愛
    spicy
    salty
    的食物,但不愛味道
    mild
    的食物。
    提示 Hints:cingdaam、haam、laat

填充 Fill-in-the-blanks

填充題2(短文) 老師可以: 1)朗讀文章一次(除了答案位置) 2)教導學生提示的粵拼代表甚麼漢字:提醒學生用Typeduck的英語字義翻譯尋找正確漢字 (答案:喜歡、門、滑、站;盤、碗、鹹、辣;淡、一半、滿足、胖) 3)讓學生自行完成填充題
Fill-in-the-blank question 2 (Short passage): Here are some suggested activity steps: 1) Read the passage once (excluding the answer positions). 2) Teach students the meanings represented by the given Jyutping: Remind students to use Typeduck’s English translations to find the correct Chinese characters (Answers: 喜歡、門、滑、站;盤、碗、鹹、辣;淡、一半、滿足、胖). 3) Allow students to complete the fill-in-the-blank questions on their own.

根據提示,使用 TypeDuck 輸入中文詞語,完成填充題。
Using the hints, complete the fill-in-the-blank questions using TypeDuck.

  1. 今天,我帶妹妹去我們最
    like
    的餐廳吃飯。妹妹進
    door
    時,不小心
    slip
    到了,我馬上扶她
    stand
    起來。
    提示 Hints: waat、zaam、heifun、mun
  2. 我們吃了一
    a plate of
    咖喱,兩
    bowls of
    飯。咖喱不會太
    salty
    ,也不會太
    spicy
    ,真好吃!
    提示 Hints: haam、laat 、pun、wun
  3. 我們又叫了一盤菜,但是菜太
    underseasoned flavor
    了,我們吃了
    half
    便吃不下了。我們吃得很
    satisfied
    ,妹妹還説她
    fat
    了呢!
    提示 Hints: munzuk、daam、bun、jatbun

選擇題 Multiple Choice Question

MC選項題 老師可以: 1)簡略介紹問題 2)讓學生自己自行嘗試用TypeDuck找出可選擇的粵拼的漢字,並完成題目 3)在對答案時和學生確認他們自行找出的漢字正確 老師可以憑學生的正確率去評估學生進度。 (提示:橄欖、麻辣、鹹蛋、辣椒;答案:麻辣)
Multiple-choice questions Here are some suggested activity steps: 1) Provide a brief introduction to the task. 2) Let students independently use TypeDuck to find the available Jyutping and corresponding Chinese characters, and complete the exercise. 3) When checking the answers, confirm with the students whether the Chinese characters they found on their own are correct. The teacher can assess the students’ progress based on their accuracy. (Hints: 橄欖、麻辣、鹹蛋、辣椒;Answer: 麻辣)
請圈出所有味道。
Circle all tastes.
gaamlaam
maalaat
haamdaan
laatziu

語音練習 Phonetics Exercise

找不同 Spot the Difference

每行都有一個字與其他的韻母不同。試留意發音時的口部動作,劃掉與別不同的單字,並在空格打出其他單字的共同韻母。
One word in each line has a different rhyme from the others. Paying extra attention to the way your mouth moves, circle the words that are different from the rest, and write down the common rhyme.

填色遊戲 Colouring Game


答案:衫(saam)
Answer: clothes(衫 saam)

玩法:點擊格子數次可以改變顏色。 請按字的韻母和顏色指示,為以下方格填上顏色。
Colour the characters based on their rhyme and the instructions below (Hint: clicking the grid few times can change its colour).
填上顏色後會見到一個大圖案,請於圓圈打出圖案是甚麼。
An image will emerge after you are done colouring. Can you guess what the image is? Type your answer in the circle!
aam
aat
un

打字練習 Typing Exercise


老師可以一邊讀出打字練習的字詞/短句,一邊和同學一起完成打字練習。
Suggested activity steps: teachers can read out the words/sentences for typing practice while working together with the students to complete the typing exercises.

主要按鍵練習 Main Keys Practice


請使用TypeDuck依序輸入以下詞語。正確輸入的詞語會顯示為黑色,輸入錯誤的詞語會以紅色橫線劃掉。
Type the following words in order using TypeDuck. Correctly typed words will turn black, and incorrectly typed words will be crossed out with a red line.

  1. 辣 鹹 麻辣 淡 清淡 橄欖 鹹蛋
  2. 喜歡 門 滑 站 盤 碗 一半 滿足 胖
  3. 我們 陪伴 肥胖 冠軍 飯館 拌麵
  4. 蛋撻 牙刷 八達通 頭髮 辣椒 光滑
  5. 三文魚 牛腩 車站 擔心 慚愧 貪吃 探訪

短句練習 Short Sentence Practice


請使用TypeDuck輸入以下句子,並記錄所需的總時間。
Use TypeDuck to type the following sentences and record the total time required.

  1. 我們吃了一盤咖喱。
  2. 妹妹還説她胖了呢。
  3. 我喜歡吃牛腩。
  4. 麵包店有三文治和蛋撻。
  5. 這個三文魚拌麵太鹹了。

擴張句子 Sentence Builder Practice


在這個練習中,你將逐步擴展一個句子。
In this exercise, you will gradually expand a sentence.
1. 在第一行輸入綠色框中的單字。
Type the word in the green box on the first line.
2. 在第二行,輸入第一行綠色框中的單字,然後接着輸入第二行綠色框中的單字。
On the second line, type the word in the green box from the first line, followed by the word in the green box on the second line.
3. 依此類推,直到最後一行。
Continue this process until you reach the last line.

貪吃的
小男孩
胖了
越來越

主題詞庫 Vocabulary Bank


老師詢問學生在本節課學會了哪些知識
Teacher asks the students what vowel sounds they have learned in this lesson.
老師歸納學生的回應並總結:
Here are some suggested summary points: Students will have learned…
1. 認識了韻母aamaatun
1) the rhymes aam, aat, and un.
2. 認識韻母聲旁——bun(半)
2) the sound component(s)s bun (半) .
3. 認識部首——食
3) the radical 食.
4. 認識與食物有關的詞彙
4) vocabulary items related to food.

以下是與食物相關的常用詞彙。使用 TypeDuck 輸入這些詞彙,並找出它們的意思!
Here are some common words related to Food. Use TypeDuck to type out these words and discover their meanings!
hek3 jam2 ngaau5 ngo6 baau2 小吃siu2 hek3 早餐zou2 caan1 午餐ng5 caan1 晚餐maan5 caan1 食物sik6 mat6 味道mei6 dou6 fu2 syun1 tim4 jit6 laang5 dung3 suk6 sang1 種類zung2 leoi6 卡路里kaa1 lou6 lei5 烹飪paang1 jam6 zyu2 caau2 zin1 zing1 man1 zaa3 素食sou3 sik6 水果seoi2 gwo2 點心dim2 sam1 清香cing1 hoeng1 口味hau2 mei6 調味料tiu4 mei6 liu2 tong4 jim4 豉油si6 jau4 新鮮san1 sin1 美味mei5 mei6 甜品tim4 ban2 糖果tong4 gwo2 jyu2 juk6 daan2 蔬菜so1 coi3 faan6 min6 麵包min6 baau1 飲食jam2 sik6 飲品jam2 ban2 果汁gwo2 zap1 有益jau5 jik1 豐富fung1 fu3 營養jing4 joeng5 價值gaa3 zik6 吸收kap1 sau1 消化siu1 faa3 廚師cyu4 si1 生火sang1 fo2 食水sik6 seoi2 食用sik6 jung6