Lesson 4 香港 Hong Kong

學習目標 Learning Objectives

  1. 用粵拼打出和香港有關的詞語。
    Learn to type characters and words related to Hong Kong in Jyutping.
  2. 學習韻母 amauiuou 的組合和常見詞語。
    Learn common characters and words with the rhymes am, au, iu, and ou.

重點詞語 Key Vocabulary


酒樓zau2 lau4 點心dim2 sam1 飲茶jam2 caa4 燒味飯siu1 mei2 faan6 地標dei6 biu1 寺廟zi6 miu2 今天gam1 tin1 吿訴gou3 sou3 dou3 早上zou2 soeng6 油麻地jau4 maa4 dei2 燒賣siu1 maai2 叉燒包caa1 siu1 baau1

語音簡介 Phonetics Overview

簡介 Introduction


今次學習的 4 個韻母是:amauiuou
We will learn 4 rhymes: am, au, iu, ou.

韻母 Rhyme

am

以下是以 am 為韻母的字。讀音是一個短促的 a 再加上一個 m 作結尾,讀完雙唇會緊閉。
The following words contain the rhyme am. It is made by first producing a very short a sound and then closing your lips with an m sound.
(gam1)
,
(jam1)
,
(kam4)
,
(lam4)
,
(am3)
,
(sam1)
,
(sam1)
,
(sam6)

au

以下是以 au 為韻母的字。讀音是一個短促的 a 再加上一個較長的 u 作結尾。
The following words contain the rhyme au. It is made by first producing a very short a sound and then closing with a relatively long u sound.
(hau2)
,
(ngau4)
,
(tau4)
,
(zau2)
,
(sau3)
,
(tau1)
,
(cau2)
,
(jau3)

iu

以下是以 iu 為韻母的字。讀音是一個 i 再加上一個 u 作結尾。
The following words contain the rhyme iu. It is made by first producing a long i sound and then conecting and closing with a short u sound.
(siu2)
,
(niu5)
,
尿(niu6)
,
(giu3)
,
(jiu1)
,
(kiu4)
,
(jiu3)
,
(siu3)

ou

以下是以 ou 為韻母的字。讀音是一個 o 再加上一個 u 作結尾。
The following words contain the rhyme ou. It is made by first producing a very short o sound and then connecting and closing with a relatively long u sound.
(hou3)
,
(gou1)
,
(sou3)
,
(lou5)
,
(dou1)
,
(dou6)
,
(tou5)
,
(lou6)

聲母 Onset

j

注意粵拼用 j 標示 “y” 的讀音。這些字的聲母都是 j,要留意一下拼法。
Note that in Jyutping, “y” sounds (in English as in “yes”) are represented by j. Be mindful of that when spelling!
(jan4)
,
(jat1)
,
(jat6)
,
(jau4)
,
(jau5)
,
(ji6)
,
(jiu3)
,
(jaa5)

注意事項 Points to Note


(長短 a,hindustani 有 minimal pair)
(Long and short “a,” Hindustani has minimal pairs)

語文知識 Language Knowledge

簡介 Introduction


在筆記欄輸入 piu,隨意選取4-6個中文字。
Try typing piu in the notes column, then pick a few characters from the list to output.
這些字有共通點嗎?
Do these characters have anything in common?

聲旁介紹 Phonetic Components Overview

piu
從字的聲旁可以得出字的大概讀音。這些聲旁為「票」的字,讀音都是 piu
We can sometimes guess the sound of a character from its parts. In this case, the following characters with the sound component「票」 are pronounced piu.

部首介紹 Radical Overview

水字部


字的部首有意義分類的作用。部首為「氵」(水)的字,意思多數與水有關。
Chinese characters often have a component called “radicals”, and they can sometimes tell us about the meaning of the word. For example, when the radical is “氵” (water), the meaning of the character is related to water.

詞彙練習 Vocabulary Exercise

看圖填充 Fill-in-the-blanks


老師可以:
Fill-in-the-blank question 1 (FIll in the blanks based on the image)
1)展示圖片「香港的假日活動」
Here are some suggested activity steps:
2)引導學生用 TypeDuck 輸入提示區的粵拼,按字義翻譯尋找符合圖片內容的中文詞語
1) Show the picture “Holiday in Hong Kong”.
(答案:飲茶、寺廟、燒味飯)
2) Teach students the meanings represented by the given Jyutping: Remind students to use Typeduck’s English translations to find the correct Chinese characters (Answers: 飲茶、寺廟、燒味飯).
3)由老師帶領完成完成填充題
3) Guide the students to complete the fill-in-the-blank questions.

根據提示及圖意,使用 TypeDuck 輸入中文詞語,完成填充題。
Using the hints and the provided image as a guide, complete the fill-in-the-blank questions using TypeDuck.

  1. 「香港的假日活動」
    “Holiday in Hong Kong”
    爺爺在
    yum cha
    。媽媽去了
    temple
    。爸爸在吃
    siu mei rice
    提示 Hints:zimiu、jamcaa 、 siumeifaan

填充 Fill-in-the-blanks


老師可以:
Fill-in-the-blank question 2 (Short passage)
1)朗讀文章一次(除了答案空格位置)
Here are some suggested activity steps:
2)引導學生用 TypeDuck 輸入提示區的粵拼,按字義翻譯尋找適合的中文詞語
1) Read the passage once (excluding the answer positions).
(答案:今天、吿訴、到、地標;早上、寺廟、油麻地、酒樓、點心)
2) Teach students the meanings represented by the given Jyutping: Remind students to use Typeduck’s English translations to find the correct Chinese characters (Answers: 今天、吿訴、到、地標;早上、寺廟、油麻地、酒樓、點心).
3)讓學生自行完成填充題
3) Allow students to complete the fill-in-the-blank questions on their own.

根據提示,使用 TypeDuck 輸入中文詞語,完成填充題。
Using the hints, complete the fill-in-the-blank questions using TypeDuck.

  1. today
    ,小明
    tell
    我他們一家
    go
    了香港旅遊,參觀了不同
    landmarks

    提示 Hints:gamtin、dou、 deibiu、gousou
  2. in the morning
    ,他們到
    temple
    上香祈福。下午,他們到位於
    Yau Ma Tei
    Chinese restaurant
    Dim Sum
    。香港真是個美麗的城市!
    提示 Hints:zaulau、zousoeng、dimsam、jaumaadei、zimiu

選擇題 Multiple Choice Question

老師可以讓學生自己自行嘗試用 TypeDuck 找出以下四組粵拼的中文字,請學生圈出不是香港點心的食物。如學生全對,畫面會出現綠色剔號。 (提示:叉燒包、薯條、燒賣、蛋糕;答案:syutiu 薯條、daangou 蛋糕)
Multiple-choice question Here are some suggested activity steps: 1) Provide a brief introduction to the task. 2) Allow students to independently use TypeDuck to find the available Jyutping and corresponding Chinese characters, and complete the exercise. 3) When checking the answers, confirm with the students whether the Chinese characters they found on their own are correct. The teacher can assess the students’ progress based on their accuracy. (Hints: 叉燒包、薯條、燒賣、蛋糕;Answer: 薯條、蛋糕)
以下哪項不是香港的點心?
Circle all items that are not dim sum in Hong Kong.
caasiubaau
syutiu
siumaai
daangou

語音練習 Phonetics Exercise

找不同 Spot the Difference

每行都有一個字與其他的韻母不同。試留意發音時的口部動作,劃掉與別不同的單字,並在空格打出其他單字的共同韻母。
One word in each line has a different rhyme from the others. Paying extra attention to the way your mouth moves, circle the words that are different from the rest, and write down the common rhyme.

  1. 尿

填色遊戲 Colouring Game


答案:路(lou)
Answer: road(路 lou)
玩法:點擊格子數次可以改變顏色。 請按字的韻母和顏色指示,為以下方格填上顏色。 填上顏色後會見到一個大圖案,請於圓圈打出圖案是甚麼。
Colour the characters based on their rhyme and the instructions below (Hint: clicking the grid few times can change its colour). An image will emerge after you are done colouring. Can you guess what the image is? Type your answer in the circle!
am
au
iu

打字練習 Typing Exercise


老師可以一邊讀出打字練習的字詞/短句,一邊和同學一起完成打字練習。
Suggested activity steps: teachers can read out the words/sentences for typing practice while working together with the students to complete the typing exercises.

主要按鍵練習 Main Keys Practice


用 TypeDuck 依序輸入以下詞語。
Type the following words in order using TypeDuck. Correctly typed words will turn black, and incorrectly typed words will be crossed out with a red line.
正確輸入的詞語會顯示為黑色,輸入錯誤的詞語會以紅色橫線劃掉。
Type the following words in order using TypeDuck. Correctly typed words will turn black, and incorrectly typed words will be crossed out with a red line.

  1. 酒樓 點心 飲茶 燒味飯 地標 寺廟 今天 早上
  2. 吿訴 到 油麻地 燒賣 叉燒包 薯條 蛋糕
  3. 高樓 購票 旅遊 年糕 怎麼 音樂 深井 感謝
  4. 游水 休息 收到 努力 跑步 告訴 長洲
  5. 句子 笑 香蕉 跳舞 了解 消失 早上 兔子

短句練習 Short Sentence Practice


用TypeDuck輸入以下句子。
Use TypeDuck to type the following sentences and record the total time required.

  1. 他們一家到香港旅遊。
  2. 爸爸在吃一碗燒味飯。
  3. 今天去長洲。
  4. 游水和跑步。
  5. 在山頂看高樓大廈。

擴張句子 Sentence Builder Practice


在這個練習中,你將逐步擴展一個句子。
In this exercise, you will gradually expand a sentence.
1. 在第一行輸入綠色框中的單字。
Type the word in the green box on the first line.
2. 在第二行,輸入第一行綠色框中的單字,然後接着輸入第二行綠色框中的單字。
On the second line, type the word in the green box from the first line, followed by the word in the green box on the second line.
3. 依此類推,直到最後一行。
Continue this process until you reach the last line.

去油麻地
買衣服
媽媽
今天

主題詞庫 Vocabulary Bank


老師詢問學生在本節課學會了哪些知識,歸納學生的回應並總結:
The Teachers can ask students to summarize what they have learned in this lesson.
1)認識了韻母 amauiuou
Here are some suggested summary points: Students will have learned…
2)認識韻母聲旁—— piu(票)
1) the rhymes am, au, iu, and ou.
3)認識部首——氵(水)
2) the sound component(s)s piu (票) .
4)認識與香港有關的詞彙
3) the radical 氵(水)。
*主題詞庫這部分的詞語或會較深,可按學生程度抽選部份作介紹和講解。
4) vocabulary items related to Hong Kong.

以下是與香港相關的常用詞彙。使用 TypeDuck 輸入這些詞彙,並找出它們的意思!
Here are some common words related to Hong Kong. Use TypeDuck to type out these words and discover their meanings!
小巴siu2 baa1 巴士baa1 si2 機場gei1 coeng4 港鐵gong2 tit3 電車din6 ce1 香港島hoeng1 gong2 dou2 九龍gau2 lung4 新界san1 gaai3 離島lei4 dou2 十八區sap6 baat3 keoi1 中環zung1 waan4 尖沙咀zim1 saa1 zeoi2 旺角wong6 gok3 銅鑼灣tung4 lo4 waan1 九龍塘gau2 lung4 tong4 深水埗sam1 seoi2 bou2 金鐘gam1 zung1 山頂saan1 deng2 迪士尼dik6 si6 nei4 海洋公園hoi2 joeng4 gung1 jyun2 博物館bok3 mat6 gun2 科學館fo1 hok6 gun2 大佛daai6 fat6 天星碼頭tin1 sing1 maa5 tau4 鐘樓zung1 lau4 赤柱cek3 cyu5 特區dak6 keoi1 維港wai4 ci4 東方之珠dung1 fong1 zi1 zyu1 購物天堂kau3 mat6 tin1 tong4 國際金融中心gwok3 zai3 gam1 jung4 zung1 sam1 美譽mei5 jyu6 夜景je6 ging2 雲吞麵wan4 tan1 min6 魚蛋jyu4 daan2 雞蛋仔gai1 daan6 zai2 菠蘿包bo1 lo4 baau1 蛋撻daan6 豆腐花dau6 fu6 faa1 腸粉coeng2 fan2 檸檬茶ling4 mung1 caa4 港式奶茶gong2 bai6 城市sing4 si5 房屋fong4 uk1 居屋geoi1 uk1 村屋cyun1 uk1 大廈daai6 haa6 住宅zyu6 zaak2 居家geoi1 gaa1 居住geoi1 zyu6 巿區si5 keoi1 住客zyu6 haak3 美食mei5 sik6 旅遊leoi5 jau4 忙碌mong4 luk1 自然zi6 jin4 人口jan4 hau2 八達通baat3 daat6 tung1 麥當勞mak6 dong1 lou4 茶餐廳caa4 caan1 teng1